Logo IFAC disegnato da Carlo Bacci
ITALIAN NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL

Institute for Applied Physics

"Nello Carrara" - Florence (Italy)

Welcome to the

A (shortly) annotated reference list
of international and domestic Web sites
addressing issues related to the

Interactions between Electromagnetic Fields
and Biological Systems


International Institutions and Projects
Relevant Documents online: Reports & Standards
Relevant Documents online: FAQs & Fact Sheets
International Research Groups
Domestic Institutions and Research Groups (in Italian)


International Institutions and Projects

WHO International EMF Project
With this project, established in 1996, the World Health Organization is pooling resources and knowledge concerning effects of exposure to EMF and making a concerted effort to identify gaps in knowledge, recommend focused research programmes that allow better health risk assessments to be made, conduct updated critical reviews of the scientific literature, and work towards an international consensus and resolution on the health concerns. This site provides details of the organizational structure, current and long-term activities, results of scientific meetings, current and future events, and publications.
ICNIRP
International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection
Launched in 1992 as an independent commission of the International Radiation Protection Association (IRPA), ICNIRP continues the activities as previously performed by the International Non-Ionizing Radiation Committee (INIRC). ICNIRP is responsible for coordinating knowledge of protection against the various non-ionizing radiations as this becomes available, and for collaboration with WHO and other bodies in this endeavour with the object of developing background documents and internationally accepted recommendations.
IEEE Committee on Man and Radiation (COMAR)
The COMAR technical committee of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS) is a group of experts on health and safety issues related to electromagnetic fields (from powerline through microwave), which examines and interprets the biological effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation.
Electric and Magnetic Fields Research And Public Information Dissemination (EMFRAPID) program
Coordinated by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences of the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIEHS/NIH) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the EMFRAPID program (established in 1992) is a five year United States federally coordinated effort to evaluate developing technologie and research on the effects on biological systems of exposure to 60 Hz electric and magnetic fields produced by the generation, transmission and use of electric energy and to communicate these results to the public.
EMF Measurements Database
A project sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy through the EMF Research And Public Information Dissemination (EMFRAPID) program with the purpose to make measurements of electric and magnetic fields publicly available.
NRPB
National Radiological Protection Board - Non-ionising radiation section
The statutory functions of NRPB are (1) by means of research and otherwise, to advance the acquisition of knowledge about the protection of mankind from radiation hazards, and (2) to provide information and advice to persons (including Government Departments) with responsibilities in the United Kingdom in relation to the protection from radiation hazards.
COST244: Biomedical Effects of Electromagnetic Fields
A project of the European Commission, based on ongoing research in the area, having the objective to obtain a general insight into the state of the art in the area of EM fields effects and standards in all COST countries.
FCC Radiofrequency Safety Program
The U.S. Federal Communications Commission is required by the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 to evaluate the effect of emissions from FCC-regulated transmitters on the quality of the human environment.
Tissue Dielectric Properties at FCC
An application for the calculation of tissue dielectric parameters based on the 4-Cole-Cole analysis in "Compilation of the Dielectric Properties of Body Tissues at RF and Microwave Frequencies" by Camelia Gabriel, Brooks Air Force Technical Report AL/OE-TR-1996-0037.
Dielectric Properties of Body Tissues at IFAC (ex IROE)
A set of applications aimed to calculate the dielectric properties of human body tissues in the frequency range from 10 Hz to 100 GHz using the parametric model and the parameter values developed by C.Gabriel and collegues at the Occupational and Environmental Health Directorate, Radiofrequency Radiation Division, Brooks Air Force Base, Texas (USA).
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)
Home page of the research consortium created by many U.S. electric utilities in 1973. EPRI is aimed to develop the science and technology to make the generation, delivery, and use of electricity affordable, efficient, and environmentally sound.
Federation of the Electronics Industry (FEI) - Mobile Telecoms Advisory Group (MTAG)
Established on 1 September 1999 as part of the FEI, this group represents the UK telecoms industry on mobile phone health issues and concerns.
National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP)
The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements seeks to formulate and widely disseminate information, guidance and recommendations on radiation protection and measurements which represent the consensus of leading scientific thinking.
ESAA EMF Web Site
A site maintained by the Electricity Supply Association of Australia, containing links, news, references, downloadable documents and other EMF related materials.
Emf-Link
Provides substantive information on biological and health effects of electric and magnetic fields from common sources such as power lines, electrical wiring, appliances, medical equipment, communications facilities, cellular phones and computers. Full access requires subscription to one of Information Ventures publications.
bionet.emf-bio Newsgroup Archive
The archive of the EMF-BIO/bionet.emf-bio usenet newsgroup, with posting and searching capabilities.
Bridlewood Electromagnetic Fields (EMFs) Information Service
A service maintained by Richard W. Woodley for the Bridlewood Residents Hydro Line Committee (BRHLC). The BRHLC was established in 1986 to fight the construction of a 500 kV transmission lines through the conmunity in Kanata, Ontario.
BEMS - Bioelectromagnetics Society
The Bioelectromagnetics Society was established in 1978 as an independent organization of biological and physical scientists, physicians and engineers interested in the interactions of non- ionizing radiation with biological systems.
Microwave News
An U.S. newsletter covering the health and safety issues related to exposure to electromagnetic radiation. Includes electromagnetic fields (EMFs), power lines, cellular phones and radar.
SAR Data
The first worldwide consumers guide for cell phone radiation safety. A site dedicated to protecting consumers worldwide from any possible adverse effects from use of a cell phone.
FEB - The Swedish Association for the ElectroSensitive
On this server you will find information in English and/or Swedish about "ElectroSensitivity". They try to build a reference database for this area of research that people can search or download. Information about the FEB association in Sweden is available in English, as well as adresses to similar assocations worldwide. A few more popular articles are also available. They also intend to keep summarized reports on current research.
Electromagnetic Manipulation of Humans
A collection of heterogeneous documents on the subject, maintained by the Leading Edge International Research Group.
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Relevant documents online: Reports & Standards

(sorted by date, more recent first)

Most documents are in PDF format: Adobe Acrobat Reader is needed to display and print them.

LLNL's Health & Safety Manual 20.7: Nonionizing Radiation and Fields
A document prepared by the U.S. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory as part of his Health & Safety Manual to address human exposure to electromagnetic fields and radiation with frequencies below 300 GHz in the environment and the workplaces.
May 2000 (updated November 2003).
HTML format.
Mobile telephones and health
The "Zmirou report", prepared by a working group set up in June 2000 by the French Health General Directorate upon a request of the Minister for Public Health, in order to review the available scientific data concerning possible health risks related to the use of mobile phones.
January 2001.
English version, HTML format.
Mobile Phones and Health
A report prepared by the Independent Expert Group on Mobile Phones, set up by the UK National Radiological Protection Board at request of the Minister for Public Health, in order to assess the current state of research into possible health risks from mobile phones.
May 2000.
HTML ToC + multiple PDF documents.
An Assessment of the Evidence Relating to Radio-frequency Radiation and Cancer
Written Evidence to the Independent Expert Group on Mobile Phones.
A report prepared by J.E.Moulder on behalf of the UK Federation of the Electronics Industry.
October 1999.
HTML format.
Health Effects from Exposure to Power-Line Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields
A report prepared by NIEHS EMF-RAPID Program Staff in Response to the 1992 Energy Policy Act.
NIH Publication No.99-4493, June 1999.
HTML format.
Health Effects from Exposure to Power-Line Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields
A report prepared by NIEHS EMF-RAPID Program Staff in Response to the 1992 Energy Policy Act.
NIH Publication No.99-4493, June 1999.
PDF format.
Health Effects from Exposure to Power-Line Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields
Local copy of the above described document.
Provided here with permission from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (granted by Christopher Portier on June 18, 1999).
PDF format.
Cell Phones and Cancer: What Is the Evidence for a Connection?
A review article from J.E.Moulder et al.
Radiation Research, Volume 151, Number 5, May 1999, pages 513-531.
PDF format.
A Review of the Potential Health Risks of Radiofrequency Fields from Wireless Telecommunication Devices
An Expert Panel Report prepared at the request of the Royal Society of Canada for Health Canada.
RSC.EPR 99-1, ISBN 920064-68-X, March 1999.
PDF format.
Assessment of Health Effects from Exposure to Power-Line Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields
A report prepared by a Working Group organized by the NIEHS with support of the EMF Research And Public Information Dissemination (EMFRAPID) program through the US Department of Energy and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences of the National Institutes of Health.
NIH Publication No.98-3981, August 1998.
HTML format.
Assessment of Health Effects from Exposure to Power-Line Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields
A report prepared by a Working Group organized by the NIEHS with support of the EMF Research And Public Information Dissemination (EMFRAPID) program through the US Department of Energy and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences of the National Institutes of Health.
NIH Publication No.98-3981, August 1998.
PDF format.
Assessment of Health Effects from Exposure to Power-Line Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields
Local copy of the above described document.
Provided here with permission from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (granted by Christopher Portier on February 19, 1999).
PDF format.
EMF Engineering Review Symposium "Status and Summary of EMF Engineering Research"
Proceedings of a symposium organized by the US Department of Energy with two purposes in mind: to assess the state of knowledge of electric- and magnetic-field engineering issues, and to provide engineering input to the EMFRAPID risk assessment process.
Symposium held on April 28-29, 1998.
HTML ToC + multiple PDF documents.
Guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic fields (up to 300 GHz)
ICNIRP Guidelines published in the April 1998 issue of Health Physics (volume 74 number 4).
PDF format.
Guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic fields (up to 300 GHz)
Local copy of the above described document.
Provided here with permission from the Health Physics Society (granted by Ken Miller on February 19, 1999).
PDF format.
Guidelines for Evaluating the Environmental Effects of Radiofrequency Radiation
FCC 96-326 (August 1996). Federal Communications Commission guidelines and methods for evaluating the environmental effects of radiofrequency radiation from FCC-regulated transmitters.
PDF format.
Guidelines for Evaluating the Environmental Effects of Radiofrequency Radiation
Local copy of the above described document
Provided here with permission from the Federal Communications Commission (granted on February 18, 1999).
PDF format.
Compilation of the Dielectric Properties of Body Tissues at RF and Microwave Frequencies
Recent developments in the field of electromagnetic dosimetry have produced high resolution anatomically correct man and animal models. The application of such models require that dielectric properties be allocated to the various tissues at the frequencies of interest The project backing this publication is geared towards this objective.
Report AL/OE-TR-1996-0037, June 1996.
HTML format.
Compilation of the Dielectric Properties of Body Tissues at RF and Microwave Frequencies
Local copy of the above described document
Provided here with permission from AFRL/HEDR (granted by William Hurt on July 2, 1999).
HTML format.
Biological Effects of Power Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields
Background Paper of the U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment.
OTA-BP-E-53, May 1989.
PDF format.
Radiofrequency Radiation Dosimetry Handbook
A publication aimed to provide the best information available about electromagnetic energy absorption in men and animals.
Report USAFSAM-TR-85-73 - Fourth Edition, October 1986.
HTML format.
Radiofrequency Radiation Dosimetry Handbook
Local copy of the above described document
Provided here with permission from AFRL/HEDR (granted by William Hurt on July 2, 1999).
HTML format.
Electromagnetism and Life
A book from R.O.Becker and A.A.Marino which discusses several aspects of the relationship between electromagnetism and life. An attempt to synthesize the various aspects of the role of electricity in biology and to emphasize their underlying unit.
Published in 1982.
HTML format.
Powerline electromagnetic fields and human health
In this book A.A.Marino wants to show that "the question whether powerline EMFs affect human health is not an abstract scientific question capable of resolution via a self-extracting procedure. Rather, it is a mixed question of science and sociology whose resolution must be based partly on scientific knowledge and partly on values, and pursued within a determined procedural framework where pivotal terms are defined and the rules for deciding are established".
Document date unknown.
HTML format.
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Relevant documents online: FAQs & Fact Sheets

NRPB FAQs on Electromagnetic Fields
Answers to the most frequently asked questions provided by the UK National Radiological Protection Board.
HTML format.
Cell Phone Facts - Consumer Information on Wireless Phones
A document prepared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to respond to questions and inquiries about the safety of radiofrequency radiation in general and mobile phones in particular.
HTML format.
Questions and Answers - EMF in the workplace - Electric and Magnetic Fields Associated with the Use of Electric Power
A document funded by the EMF Research and Public Information Dissemination (EMFRAPID) Program and written by staff members of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), and Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
HTML format.
EMF Questions & Answers
Prepared by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), for the EMF Research and Public Information Dissemination (EMFRAPID) Program, this document provides some answers to common questions about the possible health effects of extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields.
HTML format.
Questions and Answers About EMF Electric and Magnetic Fields Associated with the Use of Electrical Power
A HTML encoded document based on publication DOE/EE-0040, prepared by Information Ventures, Inc. in cooperation with the National Institutes of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
HTML format.
NIOSH Fact Sheet: EMFs in the Workplace
A fact sheet from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) which addresses frequently asked questions about electromagnetic fields in the workplace.
HTML format.
Static Electric and Magnetic Fields and Human Health Frequently Asked Questions
A series of questions and answers on the connection between static electric or magnetic fields and cancer, including sources of exposure, summaries of the laboratory and human studies, information on standards and an annotated bibliography. Maintained by John E. Moulder, Medical College of Wisconsin, USA.
HTML format.
Power Lines and Cancer Frequently Asked Questions
Questions and answers on the connection between power lines, electrical occupations and cancer. Includes discussion of the biophysics of interactions with sources, summaries of the laboratory and human studies, information on standards and an annotated bibliography. Maintained by John E. Moulder, Medical College of Wisconsin, USA.
HTML format.
Cellular Phone Antennas (Mobile Phone Base Stations) and Human Health Frequently Asked Questions
Questions and answers on the connection between radiofrequency radiation from cellular phone (and PCS) base station antennas and human health; including: the biophysics of interactions with sources, summaries of the laboratory and human studies, information on standards and a bibliography. Maintained by John E. Moulder, Medical College of Wisconsin, USA.
HTML format.
Questions and Answers: Video Display Terminals
A technical guide (TG-156) designed to assist workers in efficient and comfortable use of their video display terminals (VDT).
HTML format.
Questions and Answers: Video Display Terminals
A technical guide (TG-156) designed to assist workers in efficient and comfortable use of their video display terminals (VDT).
MS Word File (1.1M). A compatible word processing program is needed to read and/or print it.
Questions and Answers: Video Display Terminals
A technical guide (TG-156) designed to assist workers in efficient and comfortable use of their video display terminals (VDT).
WordPerfect File (325K). A compatible word processing program is needed to read and/or print it.
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International Research Groups

Bioelectromagnetic Group
Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy.
Human Radiation Effects Group
University of Bristol - Physics Department, Bristol, UK
United States Air Force Research Laboratory - Radio Frequency Radiation Branch
The mission of this Branch, located at Brooks AFB, TX and part of the Directed Energy Bioeffects Division, is to protect Air Force personnel from radio frequency radiation exposure hazards, while minimizing negative operational impact. An extensive research program in the dosimetry and bioeffects of radiofrequency radiation is conducted.
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Domestic Institutions and Research Groups (in Italian)

IFAC-PCEMNI (Protezione dai Campi ElettroMagnetici Non Ionizzanti)
Pagina base della Linea di Ricerca IFAC (ex IROE) attiva dal 1977 sugli aspetti fisici ed ingegneristici del problema della protezione della popolazione e dei lavoratori dalle esposizioni ai campi elettromagnetici a bassa frequenza, radiofrequenza e microonde.
SIEm (Società Italiana di Elettromagnetismo)
Sito ufficiale della Società Italiana di Elettromagnetismo.
ENEA - Sezione tossicologia e scienze biomediche
Presentazione delle attività dei gruppi di ricerca che si occupano di sviluppare metodologie, modelli e tecnologie innovativi per lo studio dei meccanismi di azione e la valutazione degli effetti delle radiazioni ionizzanti e non ionizzanti e di alcuni agenti chimici sulla salute umana a seguito di esposizioni ambientali, occupazionali o terapeutiche.
Onde in campo
Sito ufficiale sull'inquinamento elettromagnetico dell'ARPAER (Agenzia Regionale per la Prevenzione e l'Ambiente dell'Emilia-Romagna)
CESI - Campi elettromagnetici
Descrizione dell'attività di ricerca, progettazione e servizio del CESI nel settore dei campi elettromagnetici.
Gruppo Nazionale di Elettromagnetismo
Pagina base del Gruppo di Coordinamento del CNR; contiene la composizione del Consiglio Scientifico, l'elenco delle Unità di Ricerca e l'indirizzario completo dei membri.
Sito ufficiale WWF Italia su Elettrosmog
Varia documentazione raccolta a cura del WWF Italia - Alce - Settore Elettrosmog.
Inquinamento elettromagnetico
Una serie di articoli e documenti raccolti da Legambiente Emilia Romagna riguardanti varie forme di inquinamento ambientale da campi elettromagnetici.
Campi elettromagnetici e salute
Un'ampia rassegna sul tema dell'inquinamento elettromagnetico, con vari documenti e numerosi link, redatta da Gianni Comoretto dell'Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Firenze).
Guida al Web - Radiazioni NON Ionizzanti
Un elenco di link sulle radiazioni non ionizzanti mantenuto dallo Studio Tecnico Ing. G. Celsi.
Elettrosmog
Pagina curata dal Coordinamento dei comitati contro l'elettrosmog di Bologna; consiste soprattutto di un'ampia serie di link a enti, associazioni e documenti in linea.
CO.NA.CEM
Associazioni per la tutela dai campi elettromagnetici - Pagina base del Coordinamento Nazionale per la tutela dai Campi ElettroMagnetici.
Onde sospette
Una raccolta di articoli ed informazioni varie sull'inquinamento elettromagnetico, curata dal Circolo Culturale "La Corte".
L'inquinamento degli anni 2000 - Elettrosmog
Informazioni generali ed essenziali sui problemi per la popolazione connessi all'installazione e all'esercizio di impianti che generano campi elettromagnetici, curate dal Comitato San Fruttuoso 2000 e destinate alle "persone responsabili e moderne, che pensano che lo sviluppo debba rispettare l'ambiente e sono orientate ad impegnarsi perché lo Sviluppo Sostenibile diventi una realtà".
Strumenti e consigli per la protezione dalle onde elettromagnetiche
Un manuale a cura di Francesco de Cavi, che vuole essere una guida di facile e rapida consultazione per chi vuole difendersi dalle insidie dell'invisibile e crescente inquinamento elettromagnetico che ci circonda.
Informazioni riguardanti l'inquinamento elettromagnetico
Una raccolta di documenti, dati, testi di conferenze, atti legislativi ed altro.
Elettro Smog: un pianeta di elettro radiazioni
Un sito ideato come fonte quasi elementare di conoscenza per i nuovi interessati, con forum di discussione e collegamenti.
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IFAC-CNR, Florence (Italy), 1997-2005; last updated on Wed Sep 05 10:01:06 2007.

This document has been prepared by Daniele Andreuccetti, starting from a list of URLs appeared on the EMFLDS-L mailing list during summer 1997 and from other URLs he and his collegues at IFAC (ex IROE) have met during their activity. Several pieces of text appearing in the above annotations have been taken from the respective Web pages, with no or minor editing.

Comments, hints, complaints, proposals for new links should be addressed to the owner.
Please note: intrinsically commercial links will be rejected.